Italian priest, humanist, rhetorician and orator Lorenzo Valla circulated in manuscript De falso credita et ementita Constantini Donatione declamatio, proving on. Lorenzo Valla () was the leading theorist of the Renaissance humanist movement. In On the Donation of Constantine he uses new philological. Lorenzo Valla () was the most important theorist of the humanist movement. His most famous work is On the Donation of Constantine, an oration in.

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Here for the first time in the Donatioj the ideas of Epicurus found deliberate and positive expression in a work of scholarly and philosophical value. The two were inseparable. To Sylvester and his successors he also granted imperial insignia, the tiara, and “the city of Rome, and all the provinces, places and cities of Italy and the western regions”.

Donation of Constantine

The Latinity of the grant is crude examples omitted. Later, scholars further demonstrated that other elements, such as Sylvester’s curing of Constantine, are legends which originated at a constantinne time. Papal Monarchy — Collegial Tradition. In other projects Wikisource. Contact our editors with your feedback.

But perhaps his scribe did?

On the Donation of Constantine

It was not formally published until Valla was born in Rome. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. The Stoics were close if not identical to Plato regarding virtue.

The evidence shows that Constantine was still ruling the West later than the document is supposed to have been made, and does not show Sylvester doing so. All the older biographical notices of Valla are loaded with long accounts of his many literary and theological disputes, the most famous of which was the one with Poggiowhich took place after his settlement in Rome.

Archived from the original on Vzlla argued that the practice of penance rested on Jerome’s use of the Latin word paenitenia penance for the Greek metanoiawhich he believed would have been more accurately translated as “repentance. Valla did some historical work and found the document using words that did not exist during constantkne time of Constantine. The Florentine chronicler Giovanni Cavalcanti reported that, in the very year of Valla’s treatise, Filippo Maria ViscontiDuke of Milan, made diplomatic overtures toward Cosimo de’ Medici in Florence, proposing an alliance against the Pope.


loremzo Pope Pius II wrote a tract infive years before becoming Pope, to show that, though the Donation was a forgery, the papacy owed its lands to Charlemagne and its powers of the keys to Peter ; he did not publish it, however.

He is best known for his textual analysis that proved that the Donation of Constantine was a forgery. One of Valla’s reasons was that the document contained the word satrapwhich he believed Romans such as Constantine I would not have used. But patrician was not a rank, and consuls were only two in number. Valla’s treatise was taken up vehemently by donatkon of the Protestant Reformationsuch as Ulrich von Hutten and Martin Luthercausing the treatise to be placed on the index of banned books in the midth century.

In De Voluptate On Pleasurehe contrasted the principles of the Stoics with the tenets of Epicurusopenly proclaiming his sympathy with those who claimed the right of free indulgence for man’s natural appetites. Fortunately, an English translation is available with parallel Latin text, and a useful introduction. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article.

The record of coinage shows no transfer – coins continue to be struck in Latin for Constantine. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.

This was thought to be a major improvement in style and elegance in Latin usage. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. The Donation also gives the Roman church primacy among the churches. Written at an unknown date and place in the constahtine of the Dark Ages, for unknown purposes, it was embedded in the Forged Decretals in the early 9th century, and so drifted into the main collections of legal material used in the Middle Ages, including Gratian’s Decretum.


The Donation was based on the Legenda S. Valla was another man of genius who was not going to be crushed or silenced. This error is too gross to explain away in any manner, and is a strong point against the document.

Thank You for Your Contribution! The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Epicurus believed that people acquired virtue during that pursuit by having to make choices that fit with well-being. By this time, Valla had won a high reputation for two works: Constantin Texts in the History of Political Thought.

The Donation of Constantine and the critique of Lorenzo Valla

Rather I defend and uphold them, but I do not allow them to be confused with ridiculous legends. Valla wandered from one university to another, accepting short engagements and lecturing in many cities. Valla was bringing morality down to earth, while he was presenting himself as a Christian and holding faith as a necessary ingredient in well-being.

American Civil War, four-year war —65 between the United States and 11 Southern states that seceded…. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The Decretum of Constwntine exists in versions that do not include the Donation, and is included in material labelled separately within the MSS by ‘Palea’so it must have a separate history.

Lorezo Valla, the Renaissance and the Donation of Constantine

Coleman understands the mention in the Constitutum of a donation of “the western regions” to refer to Lombardy, Venetia, and Istria. But a Dark Ages forger probably would not know the correct usage.

Regoliosi, Paduapp.