IRANGATE SCANDAL PDF

In late President Ronald Reagan became embroiled in in what became known as the Irangate Scandal. It was discovered that the Reagan administration . New revelations published on 25th anniversary of Iran-Contra affair say Israel played secondary part in the scandal which rocked DC in This scandal illustrates a different but equally dangerous type of Presidential fiasco we have to learn to guard against. Mr. Nixon compulsively.

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His approval ratings saw “the largest single drop scadal any U. Retrieved 15 May Poindexter was convicted in April on five counts of deceiving Congress and sentenced to six months in prison.

Brokers of Death arms case and Israel’s role in the Iran—Iraq war. Under questioning, Hasenfus confessed that he was shipping military supplies into Nicaragua for use by the The Iran-Contra Affair was ended.

Iran-Contra Affair

During his hearings he repeatedly explained that he was “under orders from his superiors. Understanding the Iran-Contra Affairs: Por caso, el Irangate de Ronald Reagan o el rocambolesco escandalo Lewinski del marido de la famosa exsecretaria de Estado, Hillary Rodham Clinton, Bill Clinton, dieron pie al mito de la maldicion del segundo periodo presidencial en la Union Americana. He was found guilty irwngate four of the charges and sentenced to two years in prison, although his convictions were later vacated.

Retrieved 19 July InPoindexter was convicted on several felony counts of conspiracylying to Congress, obstruction of justicescnadal altering and destroying documents pertinent to the investigation. In the spring ofthe United States launched Operation Stauncha wide-ranging diplomatic effort to persuade other nations all scandao the world not to sell arms or spare parts for weapons to Iran.

Bush was president, North’s conviction was expunged on the grounds that he had acted strictly out of patriotism. To combat this possibility, his administration ploughed massive amounts of military aid into a number of governments in Central America that were beset by civil war and guerrilla fighting. Under Mohammad Reza Pahlavithe United States was the largest seller of arms to Iran, and the vast majority of the weapons that the Islamic Republic of Iran inherited in January were American-made.

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Iran–Contra affair

The only direct testimony linking Casey to early knowledge of the diversion came from [Oliver] North. On 15 Septemberfollowing the second delivery, Reverend Benjamin Weir was released by his captors, the Islamic Jihad Organization.

My heart and my best intentions still tell me that’s true, but the facts and the evidence tell me it is not. Neither investigation found evidence that President Reagan himself knew of the extent of irangatf multiple programs. While the President was recovering in the hospital, McFarlane met with him and told him that representatives from Israel had contacted the National Security Agency to pass on confidential information from what Reagan later described as the “moderate” Iranian faction headed by Rafsanjani opposed to the Ayatollah’s hardline ifangate policies.

All of these activities continued to take place within the framework of the president’s broad authorization. North scancal his associates also raised private funds for the Contras. Military aid was channeled to militia groups—the “Contras”—fighting to achieve this end. Did he know about these illegal activities, and if not, how could something of this magnitude occur without his knowledge?

Irangate – definition of Irangate by The Free Dictionary

With the backing of the president, the plan progressed. Under the Boland Amendmentfurther funding of the Contras by the government had been prohibited by Congress.

How “Iran” and “Contra” came to be said in the same breath was the result of complicated covert activities, all carried out, the players said, in the name of democracy. On Christmas EvePresident Bush issued presidential pardons to all indicted in the scandal.

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For instance, Kassar, according to US court documents, played a role with the Americans in the Irangate scandal, in which Ronald Reagan’s White House secretly sold weapons to Iran in the s to free hostages held in Lebanon, then used the profits to fund the Contra guerrillas in Nicaragua. The fact that Nir was killed in a mysterious chartered airplane crash in Mexico in December has given rise to numerous conspiracy theories “, writes Bergman.

Magnus Ranstorp wrote, “U. Otherwise, you can work with my staff. Regional crises In 20th-century international relations: But now with everything from Tigergate to Terrygate, it’s well past its use-by gate.

In all, 14 people were charged, including North, Poindexter and McFarlane. Funding ran out for the Contras by July and in October a total ban was placed in effect.

Minutes from a meeting held in December recorded then-Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger as telling President Ronald Reagan that “washing the transaction through Israel wouldn’t make it legal.

The second Boland Amendment, in effect from 3 October to 3 Decemberstated:. C and gave him a guided tour at midnight of the White House. Shultz, Don Regan agreed. Independent Counsel Lawrence Walsh investigated the affair for the next eight years. References in periodicals archive? See Iranian Hostage Crisis. Retrieved 4 December In addition, four CIA officers and five government contractors were also prosecuted; although all were found guilty of charges ranging from conspiracy to perjury to fraud, only one—private contractor Thomas Clines—ultimately served time in prison.