8 Results The Mithraic Liturgy, Clergy and Devotees by Franz Cumont (). The Mysteries of Mithra by Franz Cumont (). CUMONT, FRANZ. Franz Valèry Marie Cumont (–) was a Belgian historian of religions, as well as a philologist, archaeologist, and epigraphist. Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism, by Franz Cumont, at

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Cumont, “that in modern Europe the faithful had deserted the Christian churches to worship Allah or Brahma, to follow the precepts of Confucius or Buddha, or to adopt the maxims of the Shinto; let us imagine a great confusion of all the races of the world in which Arabian mullahs, Chinese scholars, Japanese bonzes, Tibetan lamas and Hindu pundits should all be preaching fatalism framz predestination.

The cults of Asia and Egypt bridged the gap between the old religions and Christianity, and in such a way as to make the triumph of Christianity an evolution, not a revolution. We can understand the Christianity of the fifth century with ucmont greatness and weaknesses, its spiritual exaltation and its puerile superstitions, if we. Popularity Popularity Featured Price: He was the first to point out the importance of the so-called Oriental cults for the evolution of Roman paganism, and he attempted to study them not only from the legal and public point of view, but also from the social and private one.

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Help us improve our Author Pages by updating your bibliography and submitting a new cumint current image and biography. His lectures as guest professor at the College de France in and cumnt the University of Oxford in were published under the title Les religions orientales dans le paganisme romain Paris,with one chapter on Mithraism. This article includes a list of referencesrelated reading or external linksbut its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations.

The vitalization of the evidence regarding these cults is M. But it is no less necessary to realize, in the second place, that, had there not been an essential solidarity of all these different faiths, the triumph of Christianity would have been achieved with much less difficulty and in much less time. He is thus an example of the highest type of scholar–the exhaustive searcher after evidence, and the sympathetic interpreter who mediates between his subject and the lay intellectual life of his time.

Such persons–if there are.

Franz Cumont

Cumont tells us, “was much farther removed from tranz religious ideal of Augustus, although they would never have admitted it, than that of their opponents in the senate. Keep Exploring Britannica Mahatma Gandhi. Both parties to the struggle had their loins girt about with truth, and both wielded the sword of the spirit; but the steel of the Christian was the more piercing, the breastplate of his righteousness was the stronger, and his feet were better shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace.


Three main problems were outlined: Available to ship in days. The “Oriental cults” were in fact more “Greco-Oriental” — they passed first fanz Asia to Greece, where they were deeply Hellenized, and then from Greece to Rome.

Belief in a celestial immortality appeared to Cumont to have been borrowed from Irano-Chaldean magi by Greek philosophers. Please try your request again later. From the knowledge that the desire to get right with God–the common and essential element in all religions–has been the most universal and the most potent and persistent factor in past history, it is not far to the conviction that it fanz always continue to be so, and that the struggle toward the vranz light of religion pure and undefiled will never perish from the earth.

Cumont’s Religions orientales dans le paganisme romain had presented a new vision of the historical links between the diffusion of Oriental religions and the development of Christianity. Such beliefs and practices—principally magical or divinatory—have occurred in all human societies throughout recorded history, with considerable variations both cuomnt their nature and….

Books by Franz Cumont

With such a conception of latter-day paganism, we may more easily understand its strength and the bitter rivalry between it and the new faith, as well as the facility with which pagan society, once its cause was proved hopeless, turned to Christianity.

To quote Emil Aust: The year following, this book appeared in the translation of Thomas J. Cumont thereafter published numerous essays on Greek and Roman eschatology. He never married and died in near Brussels, without direct heirs. What his book The Mysteries of Mithra is to his special knowledge of Mithraism, The Oriental Religions is to his knowledge of the whole field.

When another candidate was named, inCumont resigned his positions at the University and at the Royal Museum in Brussels, left Belgium and henceforth divided his time between Paris and Rome. I, the Conclusions in which be interpreted the great mass of evidence contained in the remainder of the work. In The Mysteries of Mithra he put into circulation, so to speak, the coin of the ideas he had minted in the patient and careful study of Textes et Monuments ; and in the studies of The Oriental Religions he is giving to the wider public the interpretation of the larger and more comprehensive body of knowledge of which his acquaintance with the religion of Mithra is only a part, and against which as a background it stands.

He believed that the study of Asia, through excavations and the discovery of archives, was a real revolution in historical science and that it was impossible to study the Greek and Roman world without taking Asian influences into account.


In a word, M.

Cumont, Franz |

Assuming that no religion can succeed merely because of externals, but must stand on some foundation of moral excellence, he shows how the pagan faiths were able to bold their own, and even to contest the ground with Christianity. Amazon Second Chance Pass it on, trade it in, give it a second life. Cumont is an ideal contributor to knowledge in his chosen field. Different aspects of Cumont’s reconstruction were challenged by Arthur Darby Nock and Paul Veyne, who doubt that such a symbolic value is actually perceptible.

But the comparative study of the beliefs and institutions of mankind is fitted to be much more than a means of satisfying an enlightened curiosity and of furnishing materials for the researches of the learned. Ffanz some of the most interesting and trending topics of As for funerary art, most was allegorical, though a small proportion was supposed to represent literally the afterlife in the netherworld.

Cumont had friendly relationships with several modernists, including Alfred Loisy, Louis Duchesne, and Ernesto Buonaiuti; he also published works in modernist journals in France and Italy, and was thus considered a “subversive” scholar by conservative Catholics.

Cumont also tries to explain how the Oriental cults paved the way for the adoption of Christianity. Thank You for Your Contribution! Occultism, various theories and practices involving a belief in and knowledge or use of supernatural forces or beings.

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. There was a vigorous press campaign and student agitation in Cumont’s favor, because the refusal was seen as blatant religious interference in the University’s life.

According to ancient popular belief, a dead person survived in the tomb or as a shadow in the netherworld and could return to earth as a ghost to haunt the living. Only 1 left in stock more on the way.

Books by Franz Cumont (Author of The Mysteries of Mithra)

Cumont, to neo-Platonism, which attempted the reconciliation of the antiquated religions with the advanced moral and intellectual ideas of its own time by spiritual interpretation of outgrown cult stories and cult practices. Cumont is therefore a contributor to our appreciation of the continuity of history. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Nonetheless, Cumont’s Les religions orientales dans le paganisme romain remains a fundamental frahz in the history of ancient religions.