political presence in Palestine for over years, TURKEY. The Making of Modern Turkey, by Feroz. Ahmad. London and New York: Society and Economy, ,” “The Multi- [because the] Kemalists had inherited a society in. Feroz Ahmad. Until the period () they tried to remove Islam from political discourse, . As Kemalist Turkey became more secularised, the bonds of Islamic .. found in the ‘economic revolution’ which the Democrats carried out. The. identifies the secularist doctrine of Kemalism as a major obstacle to democratic political .. disorder, political deadlock and economic insolvency,23 the Turkish generals Feroz Ahmad, “The Transition to Democracy in Turkey,” Third World.

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The E-mail message field is required. The committee changed the bureaucratic structure towards a modern state model. During the Unionist government, some steps were taken towards an intervention-free national economy but after the defeat all the steps were reversed by the Allies. They began to make policies according to their political agenda kemaalism the same of the Unionists.

The Soviet Union was very successful in dealing with the effects of the crisis. This made the operational abilities of the committee ,emalism and capable of overthrowing the sultan. The workers paid the price of this success story.

Library Resource Finder: Table of Contents for: Atatürk, founder of a modern state

Ina law for the encouragement of industry was passed. This high heroic feeling had them have a desire to change the fate of the empire and made them more and more politicized as a result of the chain of dramatic events.

In the first part, I am ecnomy to mention what the economic policies of the Unionists and their intentions about kemalissm structure are. The state was under the domination of the European power both economically and politically. The ideological point of the statist freoz was also important. The country had to sustain its economy by using internal sources. First of all, census information shows us how the population decreased. The Kemalist elite viewed the industry as a vital component in the creation of the new Turkey.


These policies worked quite efficiently and its results were surprisingly positive in terms of economic growth and development. The laisses faire economic policy was obligatory beforebut with the economic crisis and opportunism of the bourgeoisie made the statist policy a pragmatic and legitimate. They were on the way of transforming the country into 18 Ibid, p. Their collaboration with the Deutsche Bank was essential in their agricultural projects.

They were performing their economic activities without taxes that the Muslims paid or polirical a lower one.

Finding libraries that hold this item The E-mail Address es field is required. They worked secretly and they tried to infiltrate into the army which was their only hope for the revolutionary actions against the tranny.

The insufficiency of the external resources made the ruling elite realize the importance of Anatolia. Details Additional Physical Format: So, they decided to create a new national one by using state power. They changed the laws of trade and abolished the internal passport that restricted the internal travels. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: They imposed high rates of customs to protect the existing bourgeoisie.

It was an industrial show piece designed to transform the province. They controlled almost everything in the Turkish economy and the government was only the gendarmes of their interests.

Atatürk, founder of a modern state

The policy can be considered as a successful one. They saw that the liberal economic model didn’t create a businessmen class who invested in the production. It was simply impossible. The underdeveloped areas of Anatolia gained impetus for development. The first plan was ended in At that time the sthere were successful examples of the countries which applied the statist economic policies like the Soviet Union, and econoy economic performance during the world economic crisis had an important effect on their decision.

So, the biggest necessity for their economic design was a bourgeoisie class that would further their interest in an intervention-free economy. They enjoyed the protection of the Great Powers as a result of the capitulations.

It was a great disappointment for the Kemalists, and they decided to handle the crisis with the interventionist policies that were no more impossible. They idealized the economic structure as the westerners had achieved, a capitalist economy which was run by a national bourgeoisie. The private sector was not strong enough to run every business in the economy, so they mostly preferred to work for the foreign investors which were not favorable for the ruling elite.


Kemal noted as early as March that the state had been unable to protect its economy against Kemzlism competition ever since the free trade policies of the Tanzimat reformers — It kept its economic growth rate and was not affected as much as the liberal economies were affected by the crisis.

The state supported them wholeheartedly to have a class to run the business life. They were not in a position to determine a protectionist tariff because of Lausanne treaty. On 13 Aprila counter-revolution happened, but it was suppressed by the Action Army which was supporting the Unionists’ cause. All state policy at their time was concentrated on building an independent modern state structure.

The manpower of the country was ruined and lost in various fronts of the wars, and the production was almost stopped, the transportation was almost impossible as a result of conflicts and banditry.

In order to achieve this goal, the state planned to begin industrial projects in the underdeveloped areas of Anatolia to close the gap between northwestern Anatolia and other regions.

This also made it impossible to apply protectionist economic policy. The result, in short, was quite successful. This paved the way for a self- sufficient Turkish Economy. Econojy Kemalist, as a continuation of the Committee of Union of Progress, had the same intention of creating a national capitalist economy. The non-Muslim population was eliminated by massacres and forced migration.