In March representatives from all of Saint-Domingue’s departments were elected to the Assembly, which completed the constitution in May. Toussaint signed it in. L’indépendance d’Haïti est proclamée le 1er janvier Jean-Jacques Dessalines, ancien esclave, devenu chef des troupes insurgées après la capture de. Le 29 Mars , nous, le peuple Haïtien, avons voté la constitution haïtienne pour doter le pays d’une démocratie basée sur la diversité politique, la justice.

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The President of the House of Deputies – Member; d. The right to own real property shall be accorded also to aliens residing haitienje Haiti and to foreign companies for the needs of their agricultural, commercial, industrial, religious, humanitian or educational enterprises, within the limits and under the conditions prescribed by law.

Constitution of 1801

The law also provides for disciplinary penalties to be taken against judges and officers of the Public Prosecutor’s Office, except for Supreme Court Justices, who condtitution under the jurisdiction of the High Court of Justice for abuse of authority.

He shall negotiate and constitutin all international treaties, conventions and agreements and submit them to the National Assembly for ratification. Each year the Legislature issues: Cases of conflicts between civilians and military personnel, abuses, violence and crimes perpetrated against a civilian by a member of the military in the performance of his duties are under the jurisdiction of courts for ordinary law. Art 65 — All those who, not having been given by the law the power to arrest, will give, sign, execute, or have executed the arrest of a person will be guilty of the crime of arbitrary detention.


Within the framework of protecting the environment and public education, the State has the obligation to proceed to establish and maintain botanical and zoological gardens at certain points in its territory. Before the expiration of that deadline, he may avail himself of his right of objection. Freedom of unarmed assembly and association constltution political, economic, social, cultural or any other cpnstitution purposes is guaranteed.

Be a native-born Haitian and never have renounced his nationality; 2.

Haïti, Constitution impériale du 20 mai , Digithèque MJP

National sovereignty is vested in all citizens. Art 3 — There can be no slaves on this territory; servitude has been forever abolished.

Expropriation for a public purpose may be effected only by payment or deposit ordered by a court in favor of the person entitled thereto, of fair compensation established hxitienne advance by an expert evaluation.

The document was approved by Parliament in March and came into effect on June 20, The Haitian people proclaim this Constitution: However, aliens residing in Haiti may not own more than one dwelling in the name Arrondissement.

All petitions to the Legislative Branch must give rise to the regulatory procedure for ruling upon their purpose. Art 39 — He oversees and censors, via commissioners, every writing meant for publication on the island. Citizenship entails civic duties.

Economic freedom shall be guaranteed so long as it is not contrary to the public interest. To constifution on when a state of siege shall be declared, to order with the Executive that Constitutional guarantees shall be suspended, and to decide on any request to renew that measure; 7.

In concert with the President of the Republic, he is responsible for national defense. These tribunals also know all kinds of theft, the violation of asylum, assassinations, murders, arson, rape, conspiracy and revolt.


Yo pa gen dwa egzile okenn sitwayen Ayisyen. One-third of the members of the Permanent Electoral Council are replaced every three 3 years. He may serve an additional term only after an interval of five 5 years.

Wikisource has original text related to this article: He commands in chief the armed forces and is charged with its organization, the ships of State docked in the ports of the colony receive his orders. He haitisnne the authors or sellers, according to the seriousness of the case.

Constitution of Haiti

No one may be compelled to join any association of any kind. To be appointed Prime Minister, a person must: Any person denounced by public outcry for having inflicted torture on political prisoners or for having committed political assassinations.

This page was last edited on 17 Julyat Art 41 — The salary of the Governor is fixed at present at three hundred thousand francs. Dans un tel cas, le parlementaire opte pour l’une ou l’autre fonction. This term begins and ends on the February haitisnne following the date of the condtitution.

The air space over the land sea of the Republic. Art 21 — Laws will only constituution obligatory for citizens from the day of their promulgation in the departmental capitals. The following may not be elected members of the Legislature: