Get this from a library! Building code requirements for concrete masonry structures: (ACI ). [ACI Committee ; American Concrete Institute.]. Get this from a library! Building code requirements for concrete masonry structures (ACI ) and commentary–ACI R [ACI Committee ]. Building code requirements for concrete masonry structures (ACI ) and commentary–(ACI R). [reported by ACI Committee ]. Detroit, Mich.
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The amount of horizontal reinforcement ranged from 0. Useful Links interlandi ortodoncia pdf ego psychology and social work practice pdf railway noise and vibration pdf codigo procesal provincia de buenos aires pdf an introduction to nonlinear partial differential equations logan pdf descargar libros jj avi pdf the public and its problems free pdf cours optique terminale s pdf yamaha d pdf sheet metal press tool design pdf first certificate trainer six practice tests answers pdf land rover freelander 2 manual pdf l’insostenibile tenerezza del gatto pdf pdf utilization of electrical energy gmat strategy guide pdf farmacologia basica y clinica velazquez 53-179 pdf donald e.
The quantity of steel reinforcement used was based generally on the guidelines presented in the UBC 17 and the ACI 18which specify acj minimum amount of wall reinforcement in either the vertical or horizontal direction to be 0.
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Test data are scarce and conflicting. Ali available data are for vertically unreinforced walls, and as such Also, the does not represent reinforced masonry wall behavior. A minimum amount of joint reinforcement is required to maintain a safe ratio between the cracking load and the ultimate load. This pape r presents an experimental study of the strength of horizontally spanning joint reinforced block masonry walls under out-of-plane lateral loading.
By Readbag users suggest that listadoaci. The recommended value of 0. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. Ultimate load increased when the amount of horizontal reinforcement in the wall increased, and joint reinforcement increased the flexural strength over walls without joint reinforcement. ECE to Drexel University is gratefully acknowledged.
The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. Joint reinforcement in every course adequately provides this ratio. Test Set-up and Instrument ation The walls were simply supported at the end and had a span of 74 in. The basic pattern of cracking was one of head joints separation and vertical Cracking splitting of the xci units on the tension face. The physical and mechanical properties of the 6 in. The load at which these cracks in the shear span occurred was close to the failure load.
The recommended value of 0. Deflection and strain instrumentation were placed at specific locations on the walls.
Results of three xci tested to determine the effect of amount of joint reinforcement on wall flexural capacity are presented. The typical panel was made up of three full courses in addition to a half course at the bottom and at the top see Figure 1to represent a typical wall strip cut from center-of-block to center-of-block. Joint reinforcement in every other course increased the flexural strength by about 64 percent while joint reinforcement in every course increased the flexural strength by to percent.
Failure was preceeded by widening of cracks with no further addition to the crack pattern. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. However, the structural significance of joint reinforcement in block acj walls is not well established.
The panel size was sci in.
The complexity of the crack pattern was found to be dependent on the spacing of the joint reinforcement. However, formatting sci can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. A 55 kips MTS hydraulic actuator was operated under displacement control at a constant rate adi a computer-based measurement and control system. Reinforcement Schedules Practice With Answers. A displacement ramp was appl ied slowly and load was measured by the actuator precision load cell.
Horizontal reinforcement was present in the three walls W1, W2, W3 in the following configurations. Two equal line loads, transverse to the span length, were applied to the face of each wall with the wall in a vertical position at the third points.
For walls without joint reinforcement the ultimate strength is assumed to be the cracking strength of the masonry assemblage. This Table provides a conservative estimate of f based on the mortar and concrete block unit compressive In ACI the factor of 0. Test specimens area of the wall. The average compressive strength obtained for the mortar specimens was psi. The cylinders were air-cured alongside the companion walls and tested under axial compression at approximately the same age as the walls.
By given in Table 43 of ACI. It is concluded that joint reinforcement does not influence the cracking load but the flexural strength, however, is increased depending on the type and spacing of the reinforcing steel.
Catalog Record: Architectural & engineering concrete masonry | Hathi Trust Digital Library
In addition, the sum of the percentages of vertical and horizontal reinfo rcement is specified to be at least 0. Citations are based on reference standards.
Data acquisition was carried out on the the same computer system. However, the structural significance of joint reinforcement in block masonry walls, particularly for seismic resistance, is not well established. Cylindrical control specimens 2-in. The American Concrete Institute ACI is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development and distribution of consensusbased standards, technical resources, educational programs, certification programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
Sabia and Company and is gratefully acknowledged. There has been relatively few documented tests addressing The test the function of joint reinforcement in masonry walls. C and West, H. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet.
Collaboration Engineering Solutions and Products. The average compressive strength of the grout was psi. The American Concrete Institute ACI is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development and distribution of consensusbased standards, technical resources, educational programs, certification programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
This Table provides a conservative estimate of f based on the mortar and concrete block unit compressive In ACI the factor of 0. Once the crack pattern in the pure moment region had been established, load redistribution in the wall panel occurredas evidenced by the appearance of a set of vertical cracks just beyond the pure moment region.